ARONIA - Chokeberry
Chokeberry - belongs to Rose family - Rosaceae, subfamily Maloideae. Fruit (genus) of chokeberry includes three types: dark chokeberry: A. melanocarpa, red A. arbutifolia (L.) Pers. and purple - A. prunifolia (Marshall) Rehder. Because it belongs to subfamily of apples, it is evident that botanists had in mind the structure of its fruit. Of the three types, black chokeberry has the highest importance for the man. It is one of the most curative fruits in the world. It is easily grown and maintained. It is grown similarly to sour cherry or tree nut.
Namely, if grown on its own root their bush becomes a shrub like a nut tree. To facilitate its growing by enabling inter row reach it can be grafted with Rowan (Sorbus aucuparia). In Russia it is called "krasnoplodnaja Rjabina" and in Ukraine "gorobina zvičajna". Grafting can also be done with wild pear and black hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata), although it could be done with other such as white and red hawthorn, C. monogina and C. pinnatifida. For grafting to be done the base should be at least three years old, because grafting is done on high of 100 to 120 cm, so that the seedlings will have at least five years at the time of planting to the permanent place. It can be grafted in various ways; appraisal, "chipping", English merging, and others, as well as all other types of fruit. The choice of the method depends on the thickness of grafting tree. Aronia grafted onto Rowan has increased yield and quality, and the grafting base does not affect the taste. These two types of plants were crossed by Micurin when he got two new synthetic varieties - "sorbaronije" , Likerna and Desertna Micurina, 1905. However, they did not spread in practice.